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What is Scope 2 emissions in GHG

Scope 2 emissions are greenhouse gas emissions from electricity. This means that when you turn on a light, or use any other electricity, it emits greenhouse gases into the air. This is bad for the environment, because it contributes to climate change.

GHG emissions are a result of human activities that emit greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases (GHG) trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere and increase the Earth’s surface temperature. The main GHGs are carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and ozone.

“GHG emissions are categorized into three scopes: scope 1, scope 2, and scope 3.”

Types of emissions

Scope 1 emissions are from sources that are owned or controlled by the organization. Scope 2 emissions are from the consumption of electricity, steam, or heat purchased from external suppliers. Scope 3 are the indirect emissions representing all other indirect GHG emissions not included in scope 1 and 2.

How do we measure Scope 2 GHG emissions?

To measure scope 2 GHG emissions, you need to know how much electricity the company consumed and where it was generated. This information is usually available from utility bills or energy audits. Once you have this data, you can calculate the company’s GHG emissions by multiplying the amount of electricity consumed by the associated carbon dioxide (CO2) emission factor. Scope 2 emissions can come from a variety of sources, including but not limited to:

-The burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity

-The use of diesel generators

-The burning of biomass

-The incineration of waste

How to reduce Scope 2 emissions

Organizations can take a number of steps to reduce their scope 2 emissions, including increasing energy efficiency, switching to renewable sources of energy, and purchasing "green" power. By taking these steps, organizations can not only reduce their environmental impact, but also save money on their energy bills.

Reducing Scope 2 emissions is a priority for many organizations, as it accounts for a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions. Many organizations are working to reduce their Scope 2 emissions by looking for ways to improve energy efficiency and switching to lower-carbon energy sources.

One organization that is working to reduce its Scope 2 emissions is Walmart. The company has set a goal to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 18 million metric tons by 2025. To achieve this goal, Walmart is focusing on improving energy efficiency and increasing the use of renewable energy.

Another organization that is working to reduce its Scope 2 emissions is Apple. Apple has set a goal to power all of its facilities with renewable energy by 2030. To achieve this goal, Apple is investing in new renewable energy projects, including a solar project in China that will be the largest solar project in the world.


Given the significant role that Scope 2 emissions play in overall greenhouse gas emissions, it is important for companies to understand and track these emissions.

​​In conclusion, Scope 2 emissions account for a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions. The good news is that they are often easier to reduce than Scope 1 emissions. There are a number of ways to reduce Scope 2 emissions, including choosing renewable energy sources, using energy-efficient appliances, and reducing waste. By taking steps to reduce Scope 2 emissions, we can make a significant impact on climate change.

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